OpenRFC.org Requests For Comments ... for the community
Welcome to OpenRFC
Home Full RFC index RFC humour Our technology
 
<< Previous <<      RFC 4680      >> Next >>    
TLS Handshake Message for Supplemental Data.
S. Santesson. October 2006.

 
[Direct link][Download PDF version][Download text version]
 

Network Working Group S. Santesson Request for Comments: 4680 Microsoft Updates: 4346 September 2006 Category: Standards Track TLS Handshake Message for Supplemental Data Status of This Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). Abstract This specification defines a TLS handshake message for exchange of supplemental application data. TLS hello message extensions are used to determine which supplemental data types are supported by both the TLS client and the TLS server. Then, the supplemental data handshake message is used to exchange the data. Other documents will define the syntax of these extensions and the syntax of the associated supplemental data types. Santesson Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 4680 TLS Handshake Message for Supplemental Data September 2006 1. Introduction Recent standards activities have proposed different mechanisms for transmitting supplemental application data in the TLS handshake message. For example, recent proposals transfer data that is not processed by the TLS protocol itself, but assist the TLS-protected application in the authentication and authorization decisions. One proposal transfers user name hints for locating credentials, and another proposal transfers attribute certificates and Security Assertions Markup Language (SAML) assertions for authorization checks. In order to avoid definition of multiple handshake messages, one for each new type of application-specific supplemental data, this specification defines a new handshake message type that bundles together all data objects that are to be delivered to the TLS- protected application and sends them in a single handshake message. 1.1. Terminology The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [N1]. The syntax for the supplemental_data handshake message is defined using the TLS Presentation Language, which is specified in Section 4 of [N2]. 2. Supplemental Data Handshake Message The new supplemental_data handshake message type is defined to accommodate communication of supplemental data objects as agreed during the exchange of extensions in the client and server hello messages. See RFC 2246 (TLS 1.0) [N2] and RFC 4346 (TLS 1.1) [N3] for other handshake message types. Information provided in a supplemental data object MUST be intended to be used exclusively by applications and protocols above the TLS protocol layer. Any such data MUST NOT need to be processed by the TLS protocol. Santesson Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 4680 TLS Handshake Message for Supplemental Data September 2006 enum { supplemental_data(23), (255) } HandshakeType; struct { HandshakeType msg_type; /* handshake type */ uint24 length; /* octets in message */ select (HandshakeType) { case supplemental_data: SupplementalData; } body; } Handshake; struct { SupplementalDataEntry supp_data<1..2^24-1>; } SupplementalData; struct { SupplementalDataType supp_data_type; uint16 supp_data_length; select(SupplementalDataType) { } } SupplementalDataEntry; enum { (65535) } SupplementalDataType; supp_data_length This field is the length (in bytes) of the data selected by SupplementalDataType. The client MUST NOT send more than one SupplementalData handshake message, and the server MUST NOT send more than one SupplementalData handshake message. Receiving more than one SupplementalData handshake message results in a fatal error, and the receiver MUST close the connection with a fatal unexpected_message alert. If present, the SupplementalData handshake message MUST contain a non-empty SupplementalDataEntry structure carrying data associated with at least one defined SupplementalDataType. An explicit agreement that governs presence of any supplemental data MUST be concluded between client and server for each SupplementalDataType using the TLS extensions [N4] in the client and server hello messages. Receiving an unexpected SupplementalData handshake message results in a fatal error, and the receiver MUST close the connection with a fatal unexpected_message alert. Santesson Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 4680 TLS Handshake Message for Supplemental Data September 2006 Other documents will define specific SupplementalDataTypes and their associated data syntax and processing. These same specifications must also specify the client and server hello message extensions that are used to negotiate the support for the specified supplemental data type. This document simply specifies the TLS Handshake Protocol message that will carry the supplemental data objects. Different situations require the transfer of supplemental data from the client to the server, require the transfer of supplemental data from the server to the client, or both ways. All three situations are fully supported. 3. Message Flow The SupplementalData handshake message, if exchanged, MUST be sent as the first handshake message as illustrated in Figure 1 below. Client Server ClientHello (with extensions) --------> ServerHello(with extensions) SupplementalData* Certificate* ServerKeyExchange* CertificateRequest* <-------- ServerHelloDone SupplementalData* Certificate* ClientKeyExchange CertificateVerify* [ChangeCipherSpec] Finished --------> [ChangeCipherSpec] <-------- Finished Application Data <-------> Application Data * Indicates optional or situation-dependent messages. Figure 1. Message Flow with SupplementalData Santesson Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 4680 TLS Handshake Message for Supplemental Data September 2006 4. Security Considerations Each SupplementalDataType included in the handshake message defined in this specification introduces its own unique set of security properties and related considerations. Security considerations must therefore be defined in each document that defines a supplemental data type. In some cases, the SupplementalData information may be sensitive. The double handshake technique can be used to provide protection for the SupplementalData information. Figure 2 illustrates the double handshake, where the initial handshake does not include any extensions, but it does result in protected communications. Then, a second handshake that includes the SupplementalData information is performed using the protected communications. In Figure 2, the number on the right side indicates the amount of protection for the TLS message on that line. A zero (0) indicates that there is no communication protection; a one (1) indicates that protection is provided by the first TLS session; and a two (2) indicates that protection is provided by both TLS sessions. The placement of the SupplementalData message in the TLS Handshake results in the server providing its SupplementalData information before the client is authenticated. In many situations, servers will not want to provide authorization information until the client is authenticated. The double handshake illustrated in Figure 2 provides a technique to ensure that the parties are mutually authenticated before either party provides SupplementalData information. Santesson Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 4680 TLS Handshake Message for Supplemental Data September 2006 Client Server ClientHello (no extensions) --------> |0 ServerHello (no extensions) |0 Certificate* |0 ServerKeyExchange* |0 CertificateRequest* |0 <-------- ServerHelloDone |0 Certificate* |0 ClientKeyExchange |0 CertificateVerify* |0 [ChangeCipherSpec] |0 Finished --------> |1 [ChangeCipherSpec] |0 <-------- Finished |1 ClientHello (w/ extensions) --------> |1 ServerHello (w/ extensions) |1 SupplementalData* |1 Certificate* |1 ServerKeyExchange* |1 CertificateRequest* |1 <-------- ServerHelloDone |1 SupplementalData* |1 Certificate* |1 ClientKeyExchange |1 CertificateVerify* |1 [ChangeCipherSpec] |1 Finished --------> |2 [ChangeCipherSpec] |1 <-------- Finished |2 Application Data <-------> Application Data |2 * Indicates optional or situation-dependent messages. Figure 2. Double Handshake to Protect Supplemental Data Santesson Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 4680 TLS Handshake Message for Supplemental Data September 2006 5. IANA Considerations IANA has taken the following actions: 1) Created an entry, supplemental_data(23), in the existing registry for HandshakeType (defined in RFC 2246 [N2]). 2) Established a registry for TLS Supplemental Data Formats (SupplementalDataType). Values in the inclusive range 0-16385 (decimal) are assigned via RFC 2434 [N5] Standards Action. Values from the inclusive range 16386-65279 (decimal) are assigned via RFC 2434 IETF Consensus. Values from the inclusive range 65280-65535 (decimal) are reserved for RFC 2434 Private Use. 6. Normative References [N1] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [N2] Dierks, T. and C. Allen, "The TLS Protocol Version 1.0", RFC 2246, January 1999. [N3] Dierks, T. and E. Rescorla, "The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol Version 1.1", RFC 4346, April 2006. [N4] Blake-Wilson, S., Nystrom, M., Hopwood, D., Mikkelsen, J., and T. Wright, "Transport Layer Security (TLS) Extensions", RFC 4366, April 2006. [N5] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 2434, October 1998. 7. Acknowledgements The fundamental architectural idea for the supplemental data handshake message was provided by Russ Housley and Eric Rescorla. Santesson Standards Track [Page 7]
RFC 4680 TLS Handshake Message for Supplemental Data September 2006 Author's Address Stefan Santesson Microsoft Finlandsgatan 30 164 93 KISTA Sweden EMail: stefans@microsoft.com Santesson Standards Track [Page 8]
RFC 4680 TLS Handshake Message for Supplemental Data September 2006 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights. This document and the information contained herein are provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has made any independent effort to identify any such rights. Information on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be found in BCP 78 and BCP 79. Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at http://www.ietf.org/ipr. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement this standard. Please address the information to the IETF at ietf-ipr@ietf.org. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is provided by the IETF Administrative Support Activity (IASA). Santesson Standards Track [Page 9]

   

[Home] [Full RFC index] [RFC humour] [Our technology]

Copyright © Inter-Corporate Computer & Network Services, Inc.  All rights reserved.
All trademarks and RFC contents are the property of their respective owners.